On April 21-22, 2005, a French delegation
comprising of Dr. Patrick Le Fort, Directeur Bureau CNRS de Moscou, Dr. George
Ryschenkow, Attache French Embassy, and T. G. Mironoskaya, Assistant, visited
the Research Center in Chernogolovka to discuss the state-of-art in the
Russian-French cooperation and perspectives for establishing the Innovation Center
A good example of cooperation between our
countries is the joint research work of ISMAN and the French group for SHS research.
This work was initiated in 2002, at the VI International Symposium on SHS
(Haifa, Israel), when Prof. A. Merzhanov (ISMAN, Russia) and Prof. F. Bernard (Dijon,
France) came to the idea of close bilateral cooperation between the Russian and
French scientists. As a first step, it was decided to hold a bilateral
In September 2002, ISMAN was visited by Prof.
Jean-Claude Gachon as a representative of the Groupe Francais
In November 2002, Dr. A. S. Rogachev and Dr.
A. E. Grigoryan had a working meeting (in Paris) with representatives
of GDR 2391 CNRS, French group for SHS research. It was decided to hold
a bilateral French-Russian Workshop on SHS in Chernogolovka.
This was held at ISMAN (Chernogolovka, Russia)
on October 6-8, 2003. It was co-organized by ISMAN and Groupe Francais
dAutocombustion under the aegis of the World Academy of Ceramics,
International SHS Association, and French Embassy in Moscow. The French delegation headed
by Prof. J.-C. Niepce comprised of 12 representatives from different French
universities (at Nancy, Poitiers, Lyon, Limoges, Paris, etc.) united into a team
for SHS research (http://www.ism.ac.ru/events/fra-rus_workshop/about.htm).
The Russian delegation comprised of the representatives
of ISMAN, Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics (Chernogolovka), Institute
of Steel and Alloys (Moscow), Bauman Technical University (Moscow), Tomsk Research Center (Tomsk),
and Institute of Solid State Chemistry and Mechanochemistry (Novosibirsk).
The workshop has revealed the areas of mutual
interest: external influences on SHS, mechanoactivation, time-resolved XRD, combustion
of thin films, deposition of coatings, and controlled structuring of SHS products.
In conclusion, Acad. A. G. Merzhanov and Prof.
J. C. Niepce signed an agreement on mutual cooperation that makes provision for
(1) basic research in the field of structural macrokinetics, (2) joint R&D
of new materials (including nanophased and foam materials), (3) joint elaboration of new
processes and facilities, (4) setting up a European Laboratory for SHS research, and
(5) organization of joint ventures for manufacturing SHS products in Russia and France.
The Project is coordinated by Prof. F. Bernard
and Dr. Ŕ. Ĺ. Sytschev. Research on new ceramics SHS-produced under gas pressure
is supervised by Prof. I. P. Borovinskaya and Prof. R.-M. Marïn-Ayral,
that on thin films and coatings by Dr. A. S. Rogachev and Prof.
J.-C. Gachon, and that on mechanoactivated SHS of alloys by Prof.
A. G. Merzhanov and Prof. F. Bernard.
In past three years, the bilateral cooperation has become
regular: in 2003, Dr. H. E. Grigoryan carried out joint research work with the group
of Prof. J.-C. Gachon at the Henry Poincare University in Nancy
(using the LURE synchrotron at Orsay).
In 2004, this work was continued at the synchrotron
in Novosibirsk (Russia). In 2003-2005, A. E. Grigoryan, A. S. Rogachev,
and A. E. Sytschev visited Dijon, Lyon, and Nancy, while J.-C. Gachon,
J. C. Niepce, and S. Paris visited ISMAN etc.
We are also looking for the visits of Prof.
S. Dubois (Poitiers) and D. Vrel (Paris) to Chernogolovka. Recently, Dr.
V. V. Grachev (ISMAN) has carried out a joint research with N. Pradeilles
(Montpellier); it is planned to continue this work in France.
Besides, ISMAN and the French SHS group participate
in other European research projects. In February 2005, Ŕ. G. Merzhanov,
A. S. Rogachev, and A. E. Sytschev, had a discussion (in Moscow)
with P. Le Fort on the possible involvement of ISMAN into the CNRS Project
of International Scientific Cooperation (PICS) and on possible resources for financing.
Among other things, Dijon has been discussed
as a potential host city for the IX International Symposium on SHS